Since nine centuries in European societies some myths about Prophet Muhammad have been established due to historical conflict between Europe and Islamic world. But many of thinkers, philosophers and scholars have had another opinion, an objective and logical. Poets, novelists and writers were more distinguished to express their views on Muhammad. Emotions or illusions did not plunge them about truth, which they used to discuss and reach it. Lessing, Goethe, Pushkin, Lamartine, Collins, in addition to: Tolstoy, H G Wales, Bernard Shaw and Kazentzakis, represent a selection of most famous poets and writers in Europe. Goethe and Tolstoy were discussed in last two articles. We have to recognize others and what they have said in this regard.
Gotthold Lessing (1729-1781), the German writer, was one of the most prominent protagonists of Enlightenment era. He was a poet, philosopher, dramatist, publicist, and art critic. His plays and theoretical writings substantially influenced the development of German literature. In his writings he tried to contribute to the development of a new bourgeois theatre in Germany and defended the faithful Christian’s right for freedom of thought. In addition, he spoke up for tolerance of the other world religions in many arguments.
He considered Islam as a natural religion, called it the age of enlightenment and important for Western culture as Rome and Greece. He defined tolerance as the will to respect and dialogue, which had to lead to recognition Muhammad and Islam. Lessing believed that every thinker agree with him that all key principles in teachings of Muhammad stems from innate natural religion. He is a Prophet for today endeavor us to promote Islam.
The 19th century writer and poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), who founded the literature of his language with epic and lyric poems, plays, novels, and short stories, was one of the earliest significant literary figures in Russia. His most famous works…..
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